Sun. Jul 14th, 2024
Considering Birth Control

Do you want to enjoy sexual intimacy without worrying about a possible pregnancy? Then it would help if you considered birth control to prevent possible pregnancy. Lauren E. Spoo, MD, provides different birth control methods and will customize them depending on your needs.

You will work with your doctor to evaluate and determine which method works for your health. You can pick several options, including implants, shots, IUDs, and condoms. Here is a discussion on common birth control methods.

Birth Control Implant

Also known as Nexplanon, a birth control implant resembles a tiny, thin rod you receive under your skin to prevent pregnancy. The implant will release hormones into your body to prevent pregnancy. Usually, it can effectively work for up to five years.

After your doctor inserts it under your skin in the upper arm, it will work in two ways. First, the progestin hormone will thicken your cervical mucus to stop sperm from reaching the ovary. Second, the hormone may also stop ovulation, so no fertilization occurs.

Intrauterine Device

Your doctor inserts an IUD inside your uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are two available types of IUDs. First, a hormonal IUD contains progestin hormone to prevent pregnancy between 3-8 years, depending on the brand.

On the other hand, copper IUDs contain no hormones but copper to prevent pregnancy for up to 12 years. Both IUDs work by changing the movement of sperm so they cannot reach an egg for fertilization. Birth control with IUD is reversible and one of the most effective methods.

Birth Control Shot

Also known as Depo-Provera, the injection contains progestin hormone, which prevents ovulation. Also, the shot can make your cervical mucus thicker so sperm will not pass to reach your ovary. You can get an injection of Depo-Provera once every three months.

After your first injection, you may have to remember your follow-up shots to prevent pregnancy. However, it may not protect you from sexually transmitted infections. Therefore, you may add a condom every time you have sexual intercourse, lowering the risk of STDs.

Female Sterilization

Are you sure you want no kids in your future? Then you can go for a permanent procedure like sterilization. The procedure may happen in different ways.

First, your doctor may permanently and surgically cut and close your fallopian tubes. Second, your doctor may entirely remove your fallopian tubes in a bilateral salpingectomy procedure. Your doctor will determine which method will work well for permanent results.

Barrier Methods

 You can resort to barrier methods if you want to prevent pregnancy. Barrier methods may include diaphragms, condoms, and cervical caps. With a barrier method, you must keep them on during vaginal intercourse.

You can get female condoms from your healthcare facilities. Female condoms can protect against sexually transmitted infections. Condoms are the most effective birth control methods that protect against STDs.

Birth control comprises all available methods that you can use to prevent pregnancy effectively. Your choices may include medication, hormonal options, barrier methods, and permanent birth control methods. Some methods can work alongside others to ensure maximum results.

Before you settle on one, talk to your doctor to understand how each works and which one will fit you. Procedures like sterilization are permanent and irreversible. Other forms of birth control may even help manage conditions like endometriosis.

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